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Hydrogen deployment plan for the energy transition

legislation type Executive
Passed in 2018
This Plan sets the government's vision on how to fastrack the development and deployment of hydrogen in France. The plan targets energy storage, electricity generation in transport, gas networks and CO2 storage. The Plan is organised on three main actions to focus on: 1) Production of hydrogen by electrolysis for industry, phase of initiation, 2) A valorization by uses of the mobility in complementarity of the batteries, and 3) ensuring the stabilization of energy networks in the medium-long term. Ten specific measures and objectives are subsequently defined.


  • 9% of journeys to be made bike
    Transport | Target year: 2024
  • Build 200 hydrogen stations by 2022, 500 by 2024, and 1500 by 2030
    Transport | Target year: 2030
  • Achieve consistent investments into hydrogen of 100 million euros per year
  • Reduce consumption of fossil fuel energy consumption by 30% by 2030
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2030
  • Renewable energy to account for 40% of electricity production by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • Carbon neutrality by 2050
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2050
  • 5,000-7,500 light vehicles, 200 heavy vehicles, and 100 stations powered by hydrogen by 2023; and 20000 to 50000 light vehicles, 800 to 2000 heavy vehicles and 400 to 1000 stations powered by hydrogen by 2028
    Transport | Target year: 2028
  • Decarbonised Hydrogen to account for 10% industrial hydrogen by 2023 and 20 to 40% en 2028
    Energy | Target year: 2028
  • Renewable energy to account for 32% of final energy consumption by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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