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Law no. 2019-1147 on Energy and the climate

legislation type Legislative
Adaptation Framework
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2019
This law is France's framework document on climate and energy matters. The law notably enshrines into law the objective of carbon neutrality for 2050 and sets a number of quantified objectives for the energy sector. It is an extensive document amending the Energy Code, the Environment Code, the General code of local and regional authorities and other codes and laws. The law notably makes the High Council for the climate a permanent body (art. 11 and 12), enacts the closure of the last four French coal power plants (art. 12), streamlines the administrative framework of electricity supply companies with the aim of boosting renewables (art 14), takes measures to improve energy efficiency in building, discusses measures to regulate air and maritime international transport. It amends several pieces of legislation to increase the emphasis on adaptation to climate change and resilience, alongside mitigation efforts. Article 1 further aims to promote a research and innovation policy that favours the adaptation of business sectors to the energy transition.


  • Promote the management of electricity production, with the objective of achieving installed load shedding capacities of at least 6.5 gigawatts by 2028
    Energy | Target year: 2028
  • Promote the production of electricity from installations using the mechanical energy of the wind located at sea, with the aim of gradually increasing the rate of allocation of installed production capacities following competitive bidding procedures to 1 gigawatt per year by 2024
    Energy | Target year: 2024
  • Develop low-carbon and renewable hydrogen and its industrial, energy and mobility uses, with the aim of reaching around 20 to 40% of total hydrogen and industrial hydrogen consumption by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • Carbon neutrality by 2050 objective enshrined into law
    Economy-wide | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050

Related litigation cases

  • Commune de Grande-Synthe v. France

    Opened in 2019 Settled

    On January 23, 2019, the municipality of Grande-Synthe sued the French government for insufficient action on climate change. The suit was filed in the Conseil d'Etat, the highest administrative court in France. According to an English summary of the case provided by the plaintiffs, the suit alleg...

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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