Climate Change Act 609/2015
This Act provides for medium and long term plans. The long term plans include the alternatives for reaching the long term emissions target and needs approval every 10 years, while the medium term plans concern measures outside the emissions trading scheme (traffic, housing, agriculture) and are to be approved once per election term and the respective government is required to report to the parliament on the implementation.
The plan for adaptation stipulates a risk and vulnerability review and to be approved once every 10 years. Further the Act also provides provision for the constitution of a multidisciplinary expert body to support planning of climate policy.
In March 2022, the government introduced a bill to ensure that a carbon neutrality target for 2035 and other international and EU climate objectives will be reached. The new Act was approved by Parliament on May 25th, 2022, and came into force on 1 July 2022.
Achieve carbon neutrality by 2035
80% GHG emission reduction by 2050 compared with a 1990 baseline
Related litigation cases
Finnish Association for Nature Conservation and Greenpeace v. Finland
Finland's Climate Act (423/2022) was amended to include new provisions on the climate plans of municipalities and on appeals concerning decisions made under the Climate Act. According to section 16 of the Finnish Climate Act, “[t]he Government shall monitor the implementation of the climate polic...