Directive 2002/91/EC, Directive 2010/31/EU and Directive 2018/844 on the energy performance of buildings
Minimum energy performance requirements of new and existing buildings, certification of their energy performance and the regular inspection of boilers and air conditioning systems in buildings in the residential sector and the tertiary sector (including offices and public buildings). In the 2010 recast, the EU executive expects the overhaul to bring its energy consumption down by 5-6%, consequently slashing CO2 emissions by 5% by 2020.
Requires a common methodology for calculating the integrated energy performance of buildings. This includes: minimum standards on the energy performance of new buildings, and existing buildings that are subject to major renovation: systems for the energy certification of new and existing buildings and the prominent display of this certification and other relevant information for public buildings. Certificates must be less than five years old. Regular inspection of boilers and central air conditioning systems in buildings and an assessment of heating installations in which the boilers are more than 15 years old must be conducted.
In the 2018 recast, public buildings will have nearly zero-energy standards and by 2020, all new buildings are to be nearly zero-energy. Eliminating the current 1,000m² threshold would mean that all existing buildings undergoing major renovations would have to meet minimum efficiency levels.
Member States are responsible for drawing up the minimum standards and ensuring that the certification and inspection of buildings is carried out by qualified and independent personnel.
The Directive 2018/844 amends the previous documents. It notably requires Member States to publish strategiesto 2050 on achieving a 'highly energy efficient and decarbonised building stock'. It also requires renovation strategies with 2030, 3040 and 2050 as target years, promotes the use o smart technologies, and requires minimum levels of electric-vehicle charging points in new or renovated buildings.