European Union

2020 Climate and Energy Package (contains Directive 2009/29/EC, Directive 2009/28/EC, Directive 2009/31/EC and Decision No. 406/2009/EC of the Parliament and the Council ; see below)

Legislative
Eu Decision; Eu Directive
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2009
In 2007 EU leaders endorsed an integrated approach to climate and energy policy that aims to combat climate change and increase energy security while strengthening its competitiveness. In 2008 the European Commission proposed binding legislation to implement the 20-20-20 targets. This 'climate and energy package' became law in 2009. The core of the package comprises four pieces of complementary legislation. The 20-20-20 targets include: 
  • Reduction of EU GHG emissions by at least 20% below 1990 levels by 2020 
  • 20% of EU energy consumption to come from renewable resources by 2020 
  • 20% reduction in primary energy use compared with projected levels, by improving energy efficiency 

The EU committed to increase its emissions reduction to 30% by 2020, on condition that other major emitting countries commit to do their fair share under a global climate agreement. Member States will limit GHG emissions between 2013 and 2020 according to a linear trajectory with binding annual targets. This will ensure a gradual move towards the 2020 targets in sectors where changes take time to implement, such as buildings, infrastructure and transportation. To increase the cost-effectiveness of policies and measures, Member States are allowed to deviate from the linear trajectory to a certain degree. The Renewable Energy Directive sets the following targets: 
  • At least 10% share of renewables in final energy consumption in the transportation sector by 2020 
  • The biofuels and bio-liquids should contribute to a reduction of at least 35% of GHG emissions in order to be recognised. From 2017, their share in emissions savings should be increased to 50 % It further commissions an assessment of the inclusion of emissions and removals related to LULUCF - anticipated to follow up on any international agreement on forestry, deforestation and sustainability criteria. The Directive 2009/28/EC of 23 April 2009 in particular promotes the use of energy from renewable sources, amends and subsequently repeals Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC.

Documents
  • Reduction of EU GHG emissions by at least 30% below 1990 levels by 2020
    Economy-wide | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 1990
  • In 2020, the target is for the emissions from the ETS sectors to be 21% lower than in 2005
    Economy-wide | Trajectory target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009
  • The biofuels and bio-liquids should contribute to a reduction of at least 35% of GHG emissions. From 2017, their share in emissions savings should be increased to 50% by 2020
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009
  • 20% reduction in primary energy use compared with projected levels, by improving energy efficiency by 2020 against a 2009 baseline
    Energy | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009
  • Every year, governments in EU countries must carry out energy efficient renovations on at least 3% (by floor area) of the buildings they own and occupy by 2020 against a 2009 baseline
    Buildings | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009
  • Energy distributors or retail energy sales companies have to achieve 1.5% energy savings per year through the implementation of energy efficiency measures by 2020 against a 2009 baseline
    Energy | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009
  • On 30 November 2016 the Commission proposed an update to the Energy Efficiency Directive, including a new 30% energy efficiency target for 2030 by 2030 against a 1990 baseline
    Energy | Base year target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990
  • 20% of EU energy consumption to come from renewable resources by 2020
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009
  • At least 10% share of renewables in final energy consumption in the transportation sector by 2020
    Transportation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009
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from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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