We've upgraded this site. Find out more
Skip to content


Federative (9 regions, 2 chartered cities)
Political Groups
LDC, G77
World Bank Income Group
Low income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2020

This plan sets the government's development vision over the decade 2020-2030. It is based on ten pillars. Pillar six is to build a climate resilient, green economy.  It seeks to increase basin development efforts to fight land degradation and to reduce pollutions, improve productivity and reduce GHG emissions, increase forest protection and development, increase produ...

, 2020

This roadmap aims to identify key enabling activities instrumental to achieving the country’s NAP, their timelines, and key milestones to note during implementation in collaboration with key actors responsible for their delivery. 

, 2017

Ethiopia First NDC (Archived), Nationally Determined Contribution from Ethiopia in 2017

, 2016

Ethiopia. National Communication (NC). NC 2., National Communication from Ethiopia in 2016

, 2016

The GDP II replaces the initial GDP to cover the period 2015-2020. It sets some targets for energy generation from renewables and biofuels. The Plan focuses on improving the macroeconomic indicators, sectoral economic development plans (e.g. for agriculture and rural transformation, manufacturing, mining, tourism), infrastructure (transport, digital and water supply), huma...

  • Reduced GHG emission of 147 million Metric tons by 2020 compared with a 2015 baselineEconomy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2020Source: The Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) II
  • Limit 2030 emissions to 150 Mt CO2e (level of 2010 emissions), approximately 250 Mt CO2e less than in the business as usual scenario by 2030Economy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2030Source: Climate-Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) Strategy
  • Increase forest coverage from 15.5% to 20%, thus reducing GHG emissions by 147 Mln/Metric tons by 2020 against a 2015 baselineLULUCF: Afforestation | Target year: 2020Source: The Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) II
  • Reduce illegal action on protected areas by 80%, leading to 50% reduction in annual level of related CO2 emissions by 2020 against a 2015 baselineLULUCF: Preservation | Target year: 2020Source: The Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) II
  • Rehabilitating protected wildlife areas & developing CO2 sinks will increase by 30% from existing 121.86 billion ton by 2020 against a 2015 baselineLULUCF: Afforestation | Target year: 2020Source: The Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) II

Legislative Process

Ethiopia is a Federal parliamentary republic. It is a bicameral system – the Upper House, known as the House of Federation (HOF), and the Lower House – the House of Peoples’ Representatives (HPR). There are 550 members of the HPR who are elected every five years, with a minimum of 20 seats reserved for minority nationalities and peoples. The political party with most seats in the HPR will form and lead the executive branch.

The HPR acts as the main legislative authority by issuing laws, called proclamations. The HPR nominates the President, which is a largely ceremonial post, ratifies international agreements and appoints federal judges. The last elections to the HPR took place in May 2015. The next parliamentary election is due to take place in 2020.

The HOF serves as a representative house for nations, nationalities and people – each recognised ethnic-national group has one representative and an additional representative for every million of its population. Members of the HOF are elected by State Councils in each regional state. The HOF does not have general legislative powers, but rather is dedicated to the interpretation of the constitution, issues of self-determination, disputes among states and distribution of federal and state revenues and federal subsidies among states.

In addition to the main form of legislation, i.e. HPR proclamations, the executive branch (the Council of Ministers and federal ministries) may issue decrees, regulations and directives according to a mandate issued by the HPR. Additionally, according to the constitution, international agreements ratified by the parliament are integral laws of the land.