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Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
High income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2021

To benefit from the support of the Recovery and Resilience Facility set up by the EU in the aftermath of the COVID-19-induced economic crisis, Member States submit their recovery and resilience plans to the European Commission. Each plan sets out the reforms and investments to be implemented by end-2026 and Member States can receive financing up to a previously agreed allo...

, 2019

The National Energy and Climate (ENCP) Plan is a ten-year integrated document mandated by the European Union to each of its member states in order for the EU to meet its overall greenhouse gases emissions targets. Estonia’s long-term objective is to transition to a low-carbon economy, which means gradually reforming the economy and energy system to be resource-efficie...

, 2017

The development document 'Development Plan for Climate Change Adaptation until 2030' presents a framework for action which serves as a basis for reducing the vulnerability of the state of Estonia in relation to climate change. It determines the impact of climate change on priority areas and the adaptation measures which need to be taken in the short term until 2030 and whi...

, 2011

Estonia 2020 (approved by the Government in 2011) establishes two major priorities of the Government in moving towards an environmentally sustainable economy and energy sector: - implementing long-term structural changes in the energy sector in harmony with Estonia's energy security and energy efficiency objectives; and - reducing general resource intensity, incl...

, 2007

This document sets the Estonian environmental strategy to 2030. It defines the main environmental challenges the country faces,, including climate change, and how they should be addressed. The document notably seeks to reduce energy consumption in buildings and transport, protect forests, and reduce CO2 emissions per capita.

  • 80% GHG emission reduction by 2050 compared with a 1990 baselineEconomy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2050Source: Estonia 2020' National Reform Programme
  • Reduce GHG emissions from transport below 2,157,000 tons CO2e base level and fossil fuels in transport below 387.7 kg per inhabitantTransportation: General | Target year: 0Source: National Environmental Strategy until 2030
  • Reduce GHG emission compared to 1990 emissions levels is 70% by 2030.Economy-wide: GHG | Target year: 2030Source: Estonia’s 2030 National Energy and Climate Plan
  • The European Union and its 28 Member States submitted a joint NDC: at least 40% domestic reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to 1990Economy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2030
  • No more than 11% emission increase by 2020 compared with a 2005 baselineEconomy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2020Source: Estonia 2020' National Reform Programme