Five Year Indicative Development Plan (FYIDP)
environmental issues and management. It states that 'economic development, should
be environmentally sustainable, and that economic growth and development must be
achieved without damaging the overall ecosystem on which posterity depends'.
During the five year period (2009-2013) of the FYIDP, it is stipulated that concerted
national efforts shall be made to protect, restore and enhance Eritrea‘s environmental,
natural and cultural assets in all sectors.
Toward achieving Eritrea‘s environmental goals, the FYIDP stipulates the following
measures to undertaken during the plan period and beyond: (i) comprehensive
national baseline data on the environment shall be prepared; (ii) legal provisions
reviewed to determine their adequacy and supplemented if needed; (iii) land use
classification and land use maps developed to promote sound land use management;
(iv) alternative renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, shall be harnessed
and developed; (v) non-wood construction materials developed to prevent further
depletion of forest resources; (vi) establishment of appropriate vehicle emission
standards, inspection procedures, and enforcement capacities; and (vii) environmental
protection, restoration and enhancement measures shall be mainstreamed in all
investments and development programs by requiring appropriate environmental
impact assessments, provision of mitigation measures and effective enforcement
mechanisms for compliance with established national standards.