National Strategy REDD+ for Equatorial Guinea
for the country to achieve the climate objectives stipulated in its planned contributions determined at the national level (CPDN) and the development objectives established in the National Economic and Social Development Plan (PNDES) Horizon 2020 (RGE, 2007).
The EN-REDD+ sets ambitious goals to meet its objectives: 1) reduce GHG emissions linked to agriculture, forestry and other land uses (AFOLU) by 20% by 2030, and in 50% by the year 2050; 2) maintain the forest area around 93% of the national territory; 3) reduce the rate of forest degradation to 0.45% per year; 4) strengthen the National System of Protected Areas (SNAP); 5) increase the area of productive forests with sustainable management plans up to 80% by the year 2030; 6) achieve sustainability and improve the efficiency of the forestry and agricultural sectors; and 7) mitigate and compensate the possible negative consequences for forests of future productive activities.
REDD+ is part of the national structure of fight against climate change, which includes both adaptation to climate change and mitigation of its effects. The implementation of the REDD+ process will be guided by the principles of good governance: accountability, effectiveness, efficiency, equity, participation and transparency, as well as the application of a multisectoral and territorial development approach.
Said implementation will be the responsibility of a REDD+ Steering Committee (CP-REDD+) and a REDD+ National Coordination (CN-REDD+), which will act as the entity responsible for governance and as the technical executive body, respectively.
To achieve its objectives, the country plans to develop policies and measures for REDD+ structured in eight strategic axes. Four of them are sectoral axes, whose objective is to achieve sustainable productive development, which in turn makes it possible to mitigate the direct causes of deforestation and forest degradation, and four are cross-cutting axes, which will address the underlying causes.