Ecuador

National Strategy on Climate Change 2012-2025 (Ministerial Accord No. 095)

Executive
Accord; Decree/Order/Ordinance; Strategy
Adaptation Framework
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2012
The Executive Decree no 1815 resulted in adoption of the National Strategy on Climate Change 2012-2025 in July 2012. The strategy is based on several guiding principles, including: Regional and international co-operation; Consistency with international principles; Priority to local implementation; Environmental integrity; Citizen participation; Protection of vulnerable groups and ecosystems; and Inter-generational responsibility. 

The strategy further contains two main strategy directions (mitigation and adaptation) and 15 specific objectives for 2017 and 2025. The objectives for adaptation include: 1)Implement measures to guarantee food security under climate change impacts,2) Secure economic yields and infrastructure against climate change impacts, 3) Implement measures to protect human health under climate change impacts, 4) Improve water management to ensure water availability and its sustainable use, 5)Conserve natural resources and ecosystems to enhance their capacity to respond to climate change, 6)Assist vulnerable groups with adaptation to climate change, 7) Improve disaster management at the public and private levels, 8) Increase the capacity of human settlements to face climate change impacts.

The objectives for mitigation include: 1) Identify and integrate appropriate mitigation practices in agriculture and fisheries sectors,2) Implement measures to protect, enhance and sustainably manage ecosystems with carbon sequestration capacity,3) Strengthen measures promoting energy efficiency and savings, as well as transformation of country's energy mix towards greater share of renewable energy sources,4) Promote sustainable practices that help to reduce GHG emissions from services and industry production, over the lifetime of products,5) Lead transformation of the economy towards more efficient energy and natural resources use and renewable resources use to reduce GHG emissions.

Documents
  • 40% less cases of malaria derived in large part from climate changes consequences by 2013 against a 2009 baseline
    Health | Base year target | Target year: 2013 | Base year: 2009
  • 35% of households will live in housing that is inadequate for resist climate change impacts or is in disaster risk areas by 2013 against a 2009 baseline
    Disaster Risk Management (Drm) | Target year: 2013 | Base year: 2009
  • 10% less GHG emissions from agricultural lands which use fertilisers, as a result of alternative, less polluting fertilisers by 2013 against a 2009 baseline
    Agriculture | Base year target | Target year: 2013 | Base year: 2009
  • At least 100,000 hectares of native species vegetation are recovered through restoration and reforestation by 2013 against a 2009 baseline
    LULUCF | Fixed level target | Target year: 2013 | Base year: 2009
  • 20,000 hectares of native vegetation are reforested or restores for carbon storage purposes by 2013 against a 2009 baseline
    LULUCF | Fixed level target | Target year: 2013 | Base year: 2009
  • More than 50% of electricity coming from hydroelectric plant or other renewable sources by 2013
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2013 | Base year: 2009
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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