Costa Rica

Decarbonisation plan

Executive
Plan
Passed in 2018
This plan sets out the government's strategy to decarbonise Costa Rica's economy until 2050. It differentiates between the initial phase (2018-2022), the inflection period (2022-2030), and the "massive deployment" (2031-2050).

The Plan is organised around ten focus areas:
1)  Development of a mobility system base on safe, efficient and renewable public transport, and active and shared mobility schemes.
2) Transformation of the light duty vehicle fleet to a zero emissions one, nourished by energy that is renewable and not of fossil origin.
3) Promotion of a freight transport that adopts modalities, technologies and energy sources that emit zero or the lowest possible emissions.
4) Consolidation of the national electric system with the capacity, flexibility, intelligence, and resilience necessary to supply and manage renewable energy at competitive cost.
5) Development of buildings of different uses (commercial, residential, institutional) under high efficiency standards and low emission processes.
6) Modernization of the industrial sector through the application of electrical, efficient, and sustainable processes and technologies of low and zero emissions.
7) Development of an integrated waste management system based on the separation, reuse, revaluation, and final disposal of maximum efficiency and low greenhouse gas emissions.
8) Promotion of highly efficient agricultural food systems that generate low-carbon local consumption and export goods
9) Consolidation of an eco- competitive livestock model based on productive efficiency and reduction of greenhouse gases.
10) Consolidation of a model of management of rural, urban, and coastal territories that facilitates the protection of biodiversity, the increase and maintenance of forest cover and ecosystem services based on nature-based solutions.


Documents
  • In 2035, 30% of the public transport fleet will be zero emissions and the Passenger Electric Train will operate 100% electric.
    Transportation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2035 | Base year: 2018
  • In 2050, 85% of the public transport fleet will be zero emissions.
    Transportation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2018
  • By 2050, Compact Cities will have been consolidated in the main urban areas of the GAM and the main secondary cities in the country, with a 10% increase in trips in non-motorized modes.
    Transportation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2018
  • In 2035, 30% of the light vehicle fleet - private and institutional - will be electric.
    Transportation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2035 | Base year: 2018
  • In 2050, 95% of the fleet - will be zero emissions.
    Transportation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2018
  • By 2030, 20% of the train fleet operates with LPG.
    Transportation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2018
  • By 2050, freight transport will be highly efficient and will have reduced emissions by 20% compared to 2018 emissions.
    Transportation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2018
  • By 2030 the electrical matrix manages to operate 100% with renewable energy.
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2018
  • By 2025, place a 10% increase in the use of wood, bamboo and other local materials in buildings.
    Buildings | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2025 | Base year: 2018
  • By 2030, 100% of new buildings are designed and built adopting systems and technologies for low emissions and resilience under bioclimatic parameters.
    Buildings | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2018
  • By 2050, 50% buildings, commercial, residential and institutional will operate with low emission standards (high electrification or use of renewable energy in cooking processes and water heating).
    Buildings | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2018
  • By 2030, 70% of the livestock herd and 60% of the area dedicated to livestock implement low-carbon technologies.
    Agriculture | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2018
  • By 2030, maintain forest cover and increase to 60% while ensuring at the same time this type of coverage does not compete with the agricultural sector.
    LULUCF | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2018
  • By 2050, 4,500 hectares of green areas function as recreational parks in the GAM, and a system of environmental-pedestrian networks that serves as biological corridors and pedestrian corridors is consolidated.
    LULUCF | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2018
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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