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Colombia

Law 2169/2021 promoting low-carbon development

legislation type Legislative
Law
Adaptation Framework
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2021
This law impulses low-carbon development through the establishment of goals and measures in order to reach carbon neutrality and resilience. It sets accountability mechanisms, defines pillars to enable the transition, and sets a range of economy-wide and sectoral mitigation and adaptation targets and other measures. According to a World Bank report, the law establishes that, beginning in 2023, half of carbon tax revenues will be used in "costal erosion management, conversation of water sources, and the protection of ecosystems", amongst other measures. The other half of tax revenues "will be used for financing the Program for the Substitution of Illicit Use Crops (Programa Nacional Integral de Sustitución de Cultivos de Uso Ilícito)".


Documents

  • Reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions by fifty-one percent (51%) with respect to the 2030 reference scenario of the NDC, which represents a maximum of country emissions of 169.44 million tCO2eq in 2030.
    Environment | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2030
  • Declare by 2030, a minimum of thirty percent (30%) of the seas and continental areas under protection categories or complementary conservation strategies
    Coastal zones | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030
  • Increase by 2030, by 100,000 hectares, the areas in the process of rehabilitation, recovery or restoration in the areas of the National Parks System and its zones of influence
    LULUCF | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030
  • Formulate or adjust to 2030, a minimum of one hundred thirty-five (135) Hydrographic Basin Planning and Management Plans (POMCA) incorporating considerations of variability and climate change, in accordance with the prioritization established by the Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development.
    Water | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030
  • By 2030, at least ten percent (10%) of the companies in the prioritized sectors implement strategies, actions or projects to adapt to climate change, including small, medium and large companies, according to their vulnerability level.
    Industry | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030
  • By 2030, the country will reduce by 30% the areas affected by forest fires, compared to 2019, in an articulated and inter-institutional manner, operationalizing processes for the management, knowledge and risk reduction of forest fires and disaster management, through the seven strategies defined in the NDC on forest fires
    LULUCF | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2019
  • By 2025, one hundred percent (100%) of the forests of Colombia will have environmental management plans in implementation
    LULUCF | Fixed level target | Target year: 2025
  • Formulate by 2030 adaptation actions in disease prevention and health promotion, which contribute to reducing the cases of climate-sensitive diseases in one hundred percent (100%) of the entities of the health sector at the departmental, district level and municipal. Additionally, by 2030 the actions will be implemented in forty percent (40%) of the aforementioned entities
    Health | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030
  • Reuse by 2030 ten percent (10%) of the domestic wastewater treated by the providers of the public aqueduct service
    Water | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030
  • Achieve sixty-eight percent (68%) of the treatment of domestic urban wastewater by 2030
    Water | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030
  • Develop by 2030 protection and conservation actions in twenty-four (24) aqueduct supply basins in municipalities susceptible to shortages due to low rainfall and rainy seasons
    Water | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030
  • Develop by 2030, structural and non-structural risk management actions for adaptation to climate change in thirty percent (30%) of the prioritized municipalities due to their susceptibility to shortages due to dry and rainy seasons
    Adaptation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030
  • Reduce black carbon emissions by forty percent (40%) compared to 2014, which represents a maximum black carbon emission of 9,195 tons in 2030, excluding forest fires
    Environment | Base year target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2014
  • Be carbon neutral by 2050
    Environment | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2019
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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