Framework Law on Climate Change - Chile
The law is based on the following principles: scientific validity, cost-effectiveness, ecosystem approach, equity and climate justice, non-regression, citizen participation, precaution, preventiveness, progressiveness, territoriality, climate emergency, transparency, transversality, coherence, and flexibility.
The law defines the objectives, purposes and elaboration mandates of:
- the Long Term Climate Strategy in art 5. It sets its implementation means in art. 6.
- Chile's NDC in art. 7.
- Sector Plans Climate Change Mitigation in art. 8.
- Sector Plans for Adaptation to Climate Change in art. 9.
- National Climate Change Action Report (RANCC) in art. 10.
- local action plans and other measures at the subnational level at art. 11 and 12.
- Strategic Plans for Water Resources in Basins in art. 13.
Title III sets the norms on emissions standards and emissions reduction certificates.
Title IV defines the institutional framework on climate-related issues.
Title V creates the National System of Access to Information and Citizen Participation on Climate Change.
Title VI sets the rules on mechanisms and financial guidelines to address climate change. A Climate Change Financial Strategy is created (art. 35).
Art. 45 states that the owners of projects or activities that do not comply with the provisions of article 41 will be sanctioned by the Superintendence of the Environment, in accordance with the provisions of its organic law.
Mitigation Goal. By 2050 at the latest, greenhouse gas emission neutrality must be achieved. Said goal will be evaluated every five years by the Ministry of the Environment, in accordance with the instruments established in this law.