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Chile

Framework Law on Climate Change - Chile

legislation type Legislative
Law
Adaptation Framework
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2022
The purpose of this law is to face the challenges presented by climate change, move towards a low-carbon development, until reaching and maintaining carbon neutrality by 2050. It also aims to adapt to climate change, reduce vulnerability and increasing resilience to the adverse effects of climate change, and comply with the international commitments assumed by Chile. This document amends a number of existing laws in Title IX.

The law is based on the following principles: scientific validity, cost-effectiveness, ecosystem approach, equity and climate justice, non-regression, citizen participation, precaution, preventiveness, progressiveness, territoriality, climate emergency, transparency, transversality, coherence, and flexibility. 

The law defines the objectives, purposes and elaboration mandates of:
  • the Long Term Climate Strategy in art 5. It sets its implementation means in art. 6. 
  •  Chile's NDC in art. 7.
  • Sector Plans Climate Change Mitigation  in art. 8.
  • Sector Plans for Adaptation to Climate Change in art. 9. 
  • National Climate Change Action Report (RANCC) in art. 10. 
  • local action plans and other measures at the subnational level at art. 11 and 12.
  • Strategic Plans for Water Resources in Basins in art. 13. 

Title III sets the norms on emissions standards and emissions reduction certificates. 
Title IV defines the institutional framework on climate-related issues. 
Title V creates the National System of Access to Information and Citizen Participation on Climate Change. 
Title VI sets the rules on mechanisms and financial guidelines to address climate change. A Climate Change Financial Strategy is created (art. 35). 

Art. 45 states that the owners of projects or activities that do not comply with the provisions of article 41 will be sanctioned by the Superintendence of the Environment, in accordance with the provisions of its organic law.

Documents

  • Mitigation Goal. By 2050 at the latest, greenhouse gas emission neutrality must be achieved. Said goal will be evaluated every five years by the Ministry of the Environment, in accordance with the instruments established in this law.
    Economy-wide | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2022
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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