Ontario v. Canada re Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act, 2019
Principle law(s): Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act
Side A: Province of Ontario (Government)
Side B: Canada (Government)
Side C: Governments of Saskatchewan, New Brunswick, and British Columbia (Government)
Core objectives: Whether the Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act passed by the national government is constitutional
SummaryThe Province of Ontario filed suit in the Ontario Court of Appeal seeking consideration of whether the Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act (GGPPA) is unconstitutional. The GGPPA became law in June 2018 and, as its name implies, allows the national government to set a price on greenhouse gas emissions which will be applied to provinces and territories that have not implemented a compliant program once the law goes into effect in January 2019.
Ontario alleges that Parliament exceeded its constitutional authority in passing the GGPPA, arguing that the GGPPA is not authorized by the "national concern branch of the peace, order, and good government power" because the provinces are capable of regulating greenhouse gas emissions themselves and that "there is no need to expand the scope of federal jurisdiction to impose a one-size-fits-all federal carbon price." Ontario further argues that even if the GGPPA falls within the scope of a national concern, the GGPPA represents an unconstitutional tax because it does not provide an adequate nexus between the charges it imposes and its regulatory purpose. Multiple parties have intervened in the case, including a number of advocacy groups and the governments of Saskatchewan, New Brunswick, and British Columbia.
In June 2019, the Court upheld the constitutionality of the GGPPA.
Related laws and policies
The Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act establishes a federal price on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions beginning in January 2019 and applying to any province or territory of Canada that requests the price, or to any province or territory of Canada that has not implemented a compliant carbon prici...