Canada

Impact Assessment Act

Legislative
Act
Passed in
The Impact Assessment Act of 2019 replaces the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012. The Act provides the overall architecture for the federal environmental impact assessment regime in Canada. The Act broadens the scope of environmental impact assessments to include environmental, social, health and economic aspects. Section 22(1)(b)(i) requires that the body conducting the assessment must consider the extent to which the project may contribute to or hinder the Government of Canada's ability to meet its obligations and commitments in respect of climate change. Section 63(e) provides that in granting Ministerial approval to a designated project the relevant Minister must consider the extent to which the project may contribute to or hinder the Government of Canada's ability to meet its obligations and commitments in response of climate change.

Pursuant to section 95 of the Act, Environment and Climate Change Canada published the Strategic Assessment of Climate Change in July 2020, which provides guidance on how assessments should be conducted.

The Canadian government indicated in a June 2021 policy statement  its intention to phase out thermal coal mining by 2030 in order to meet the Impact Assessment Act's requirements with regard to the assessment of public interest of new projects.

Documents
Related litigation cases
  • Ecology Action, et al. v. Minister of Environment and Climate Change

    Opened in 2020 Filing

    On May 11, 2020, on behalf of Ecology Action Centre, Sierra Club Canada Foundation and WWF-Canada, Ecojustice took legal action against the Canadian government, alleging a failure to properly assess the risks of exploratory drilling for oil and gas off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. The ...

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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