Brazil

National Plan on Climate Change (from Decree no 6.263)

Executive
Decree/Order/Ordinance; Plan
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2008
The Plan defines actions and measures aimed at mitigation and adaptation to climate change. One of the key objectives of the Plan is to keep the high share of renewable energy in the electric matrix. With this aim, it establishes a target of having more than 80% of the power base to be derived from renewable sources by 2030. 

The Plan also aims to: increase the share of electricity derived from wind and sugarcane bagasse plants; add a number of hydroelectric projects to the electricity network; expand the solar photovoltaic industry; promote the use of solar water heaters in the residential sector; as well as establish research on energy production from solid waste. The plan further encourages industrial users to increase their average consumption of ethanol by 11% in the next 10 years; brings forward the 5% biodiesel blending requirement from 2013 to 2010; and supports the creation of an international biofuels market. 

The Plan determines that a National Energy Efficiency Action Plan should be created to reduce electricity consumption by 10% by 2030 and to establish other measures such as incentives to replace old electric equipment with modern equipment, and create improvements in industry energy efficiency, transportation and buildings. 

The Plan promotes a sustainable increase in the use of biofuels in the national transportation network and establishes measures on adaptation to climate change. The plan establishes that actions should be taken to eliminate the loss of national forest cover by 2015. The plan sets targets for a consistent cut on deforestation to be accomplished in subsequent four-year periods. The goal is to reduce deforestation by 40% in the 2006-2009 period in relation to the Amazon Fund's 10-year reference period (1996-2005). This is followed by an additional 30% reduction in the 2010-2013 and 2014-2017 periods in relation to the previous 4-year period. These targets are to be accomplished through the provision of new and additional funding from national and international sources, including the Amazon Fund.

Documents
  • Implementation of the National Policy for Energy Efficiency that will result in a gradual energy saving up to 106 TWh/year to be reached in 2030, avoiding emissions of around 30 million tons of CO2 in that year by 2030 against a 2007 baseline
    Energy | Base year target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2007
  • Replacement of one million old fridges per year, for ten years, with the collection of three million tCO2eq/year of CFCs (gases that also deplete the ozone layer) by 2017 against a 2007 baseline
    Buildings | Base year target | Target year: 2017 | Base year: 2007
  • Reduction of non-technical losses in the electricity distribution at a rate of 1,000 GWh per year over the next ten years, which currently are around 22,000 GWh per year. This will represent a reduction in energy wastage of 400 GWh per year. On average, around 25% (100 GWh per year) of this energy will no longer be produced by thermo power plants. by 2017 against a 2007 baseline
    Energy | Base year target | Target year: 2017 | Base year: 2007
  • Preserving forests at the levels stipulated in the previous objective, double the area of forest plantation from 5.5 million ha to 11 million ha in 2020, of which two million ha with native species
    LULUCF | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2007
  • Reduction of 40% in the average deforestation rate by 2006-2009 period in relation to the average rate of the ten years reference period used in the Amazon Fund (1996-2005). For each of the next two periods of four years, reach 30% of extra reduction, in relation to the previous period. In the case of the Amazon bioma, achieving this specific objective can avoid emissions of around 4.8 billion tons of carbon dioxide between 2006 and 2017, considering a biomass carbon stock of 100 tC/ha. This value will be revaluated after the completion of the carbon stocks inventory, to be supported by the National Forest Inventory. by 2006-2009 compared with a 1996-2005 scenario
    LULUCF | Trajectory target | Target year: 2009 | Base year: 1996-2005
  • Increase electricity supply from cogeneration, mainly from sugarcane bagasse, to 11.4% of the total supply in the country, in 2030, corresponding to 136 TWh by 2030 against a 2007 baseline
    Energy | Trajectory target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2007
  • Energy from wind and sugarcane bagasse - Increasing the share of these sources in the electric matrix through specific auctions of renewable energy. More than 7,000 MW of renewable sources will be implemented by 2010 in accordance with the results of the Program of Incentives for Alternative Sources of Electric Energy - PROINFA and the auctions already carried out.
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2010 | Base year: 2007
  • Biodiesel - ongoing studies to anticipate from 2013 to 2010 the obligation to add 5% to diesel by 2010 against a 2007 baseline
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2010 | Base year: 2007
  • Encouragement of the use of water solar power heating systems, reducing electricity consumption in 2,200 GWh per year by 2015 against a 2007 baseline
    Energy | Trajectory target | Target year: 2015 | Base year: 2007
  • 34,460 MW from new hydropower plants to be added to the system in accordance with the schedule of works of the Ten Year Energy Plan (2007-2016)
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2016 | Base year: 2007
  • Ethanol - encourages industry to achieve an average annual consumption increase of 11% by 2017. Produced from crops raised in areas de ned in the Sugarcane Zoning Program, currently being implemented, it should prevent the emission of 508 million tCO2 during the period.
    Energy | Trajectory target | Target year: 2017 | Base year: 2007
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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