Ministério Público Federal v. IBAMA
Jurisdiction: 7th Federal Environmental and Agrarian Court of the Judiciary Section of Amazonas
Principle law(s): Law 12.187/2009, establishing the National Policy on Climate Change (NPCC), regulated by Decree 7.390/2010,Plan to Control Illegal Deforestation and Recovery of Native Vegetation (PPCDAm and PPCerrado)
Side A: Ministério Público Federal (Government)
Side B: IBAMA (Government)
Core objectives: Asking for increased command-and-control measures to reduce illegal deforestation in hotspots in the Brazilian Amazon rainforest.
SummaryOn April 24, 2020, the Ministério Público Federal (MPF) requested a preliminary injunction asking the federal government to immediately promote command-and-control measures to prevent deforestation in at least ten areas with the highest incidence of environmental crimes in the Amazon rainforest. The petition calls for the federal government, the Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA), the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio) and the National Indigenous Foundation (Funai) to work together to contain the action of loggers, miners, land grabbers, among other agents in deforestation hotspots through command-and-control measures.
On May 21, 2020, the judge in the lower court granted the injunction. The injunction was suspended by the appellate federal court.
Related laws and policies
Law 12.187/2009, establishing the National Policy on Climate Change (NPCC), regulated by Decree 7.390/2010
This law creates the NPCC with the following key areas of concern: combining climate protection with socio-economic development; reducing anthropogenic GHG emissions from all its sources and strengthening GHG sinks; adaptation; preservation, conservation and recuperation of national biomes; land ...
PPCDAm aims to continuously and consistently reduce deforestation and create the conditions to establish a sustainable development model in the Legal Amazon.PPCerrado develops similar objectives for the Cerrado climate.