Law 12.187/2009, establishing the National Policy on Climate Change (NPCC), regulated by Decree 7.390/2010

Adaptation Framework
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2010
This law creates the NPCC with the following key areas of concern: combining climate protection with socio-economic development; reducing anthropogenic GHG emissions from all its sources and strengthening GHG sinks; adaptation; preservation, conservation and recuperation of national biomes; land use and reforestation measures; and the development of a national cap-and-trade mechanism. The NPCC is based on Brazil's international commitment with the UNFCCC and incorporates all previous government instruments related to its key areas (the National Plan on Climate Change, the National Fund on Climate Change and others).
 The Decree regulates articles of the Law relating to the National Plan on Climate Change, National Fund on Climate Change, and Action Plans on Deforestation Prevention and Control in national biomes; the Sector Plans on climate change mitigation in key economic sectors - the Article set the precedent for inclusion of the Clean Development Mechanism and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in these Plans; and the national voluntary emission reduction commitment.
 Foresees the promotion and development of scientific and technological research concerned with mitigation and strengthening of carbon sinks; reduction of uncertainty in national and regional climate projections; and adaptation measures.
 The Law recommends the establishment of the Brazilian Emissions Reduction Market (MBRE). It incorporates the National Plans for Prevention and Control of Deforestation in national biomes.

  • Reduce between 36.1% and 38.9% of its projected emissions by 2020 against a 2010 baseline
    Economy-wide | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2010
Related litigation cases
  • Federal Environmental Agency (IBAMA) v. Siderúrgica São Luiz Ltd. and Martins

    Opened in 2019 Case filed

    In July 2019, Brazil’s Attorney-General’s Office (“Advocacia-Geral da União”), representing the Federal Environment Agency (“IBAMA”), filed a public civil action (environmental class-action) against a steel company (Siderúrgica São Luiz Ltda.) and its managing partner (Mr. Martins), for environme...

  • PSB et al. v. Brazil (on Climate fund)

    Opened in 2020 Case filed

    On June 5, 2020, four political parties filed a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality for Omission, before the Federal Supreme Court to challenge the Federal Union's alleged failure to adopt administrative measures concerning the Climate Fund. The National Climate Change Fund (Fundo Clima), create...

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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