Law 12.187/2009, establishing the National Policy on Climate Change (NPCC), regulated by Decree 7.390/2010
The Decree regulates articles of the Law relating to the National Plan on Climate Change, National Fund on Climate Change, and Action Plans on Deforestation Prevention and Control in national biomes; the Sector Plans on climate change mitigation in key economic sectors - the Article set the precedent for inclusion of the Clean Development Mechanism and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in these Plans; and the national voluntary emission reduction commitment.
Foresees the promotion and development of scientific and technological research concerned with mitigation and strengthening of carbon sinks; reduction of uncertainty in national and regional climate projections; and adaptation measures.
The Law recommends the establishment of the Brazilian Emissions Reduction Market (MBRE). It incorporates the National Plans for Prevention and Control of Deforestation in national biomes.
Reduce between 36.1% and 38.9% of its projected emissions by 2020 against a 2010 baseline
Related litigation cases
In July 2019, Brazil’s Attorney-General’s Office (“Advocacia-Geral da União”), representing the Federal Environment Agency (“IBAMA”), filed a public civil action (environmental class-action) against a steel company (Siderúrgica São Luiz Ltda.) and its managing partner (Mr. Martins), for environme...
On June 5, 2020, four political parties filed a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality for Omission, before the Federal Supreme Court to challenge the Federal Union's alleged failure to adopt administrative measures concerning the Climate Fund. The National Climate Change Fund (Fundo Clima), create...
On October 8, 2020, the Institute of Amazonian Studies (Instituto de Estudos Amazônicos - IEA) filed a Public Civil Action (class action) against the Federal Government of Brazil, seeking recognition of a fundamental right to a stable climate for present and future generations under the Brazilian...