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Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
Upper middle income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2019

Botswana. Biennial update report (BUR). BUR 1., Biennial Update Report from Botswana in 2019

, 2019

Botswana. National communication (NC). NC 3., National Communication from Botswana in 2019

, 2019

This policy presents Botswana's disaster risks and natural hazards, such as flood, drought and wildfire, and discusses the country's institutional and legal framework for disaster reduction. It provides directives on the elaboration of effective national disaster management programme and outlines key definitions, measures and responsibilities for the preparation of disaste...

, 2017

Botswana's NDPs are grand scheme policy frameworks, which define the country's medium-term development goals and strategies. The current plan started in April 2017 and runs until March 2023. The 11th NDP is the second of its kind to incorporate a results-based approach. Contrary to the 10th plan, the current document, the current plan does refer to climate change as a more...

, 2016

Botswana First NDC, Nationally Determined Contribution from Botswana in 2016

  • 15% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to 2010Economy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2030

Legislative Process

Botswana became independent from British rule in 1966, when it changed its political system from one based on the Westminster model of parliamentary democracy to one in which the President is head of state as well as head of government. The President is elected for five years by the legislature, the National Assembly.

The National Assembly has 63 members, 57 of whom are directly elected in single member constituencies, using a simple majority or first-past-the-post voting system. Four members of parliament are elected by the rest of the Assembly by secret ballot, and the President and the Attorney-General are ex officio members of parliament. The National Assembly is advised by the House of Chiefs. Currently, the House consists of 35 members: eight are hereditary chiefs from Botswana’s principal tribes (Bakgatla, Bakwêna, Balete, Bangwato, Bangwaketse, Barôlông, Batawana, and Batlôkwa), 22 are indirectly elected for a period of five years, and the remaining five are appointed by the President. However, unlike in truly bicameral systems, the House of Chiefs has no legislative powers or veto rights.

Government Public Bills, introduced by a department or ministry, are the most usual form of legislation. The legislative process then consists of four stages, starting with the introduction/first reading in which a bill is published in the Government Gazette for thirty days and, without debating the bill, MPs vote on whether or not the bill proceeds to the second stage. In the second reading, the bill is debated in the National Assembly. Once it has received full consideration and approval in principle, it is referred to the Committee Stage, where it is considered in more detail and amended if necessary. After approval of the Committee of the Whole House, it is passed back to parliament for a final vote in a third reading. A bill becomes law after the Head of State has given his/her Presidential Assent.