VZW Klimaatzaak v. Kingdom of Belgium, et al. (Court of First Instance, Brussels, 2015)

Jurisdiction: Belgium

Side A: Klimaatzaak (Ngo)

Side B: Federal Regional Government of Belgium (Government)

Core objectives:

Seeking to force federal and regional governments to act to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Similar to the Urgenda case in the Netherlands, the Klimaatzaak -- "climate case" -- was brought by an organization of concerned citizens arguing that Belgian law requires the Belgian government's approach to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to be more aggressive. Specifically, they call for reductions of 40% below 1990 levels by 2020 and 87.5% below 1990 levels by 2050.

From February 2019 through March 2020, the parties submitted their main conclusions and final conclusions. In their main conclusions, the plaintiffs seek a Court injunction directing the government to reduce emissions 42 to 48% in 2025 and at least 55 to 65% in 2030. Oral arguments were heard from March 16 to 26, 2021. According to news reports, a decision is expected before summer.
Case documents

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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