Mex M v Austria
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights
Side A: Mex M (Individual)
Side B: Austria (Government)
Whether Austria has violated the rights of an MS patient through their inaction on climate change
On March 25, 2021, an Austrian with a temperature-dependant form of multiple sclerosis (MS) filed a case against the Austrian government for violations of his human rights for failing to more quickly and effectively combat climate change. In the filing, the petitioner alleges facts, including that the majority of MS patients suffer from Uhthoff’s syndrome, which is a temperature-dependant sensitivity. The sensitivity causes patients like the petitioner to lose more muscular control as temperatures go up. The petitioner alleges alleges that through inaction on the climate crisis, the Austrian government has violated his constitutional right to family and private life under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights.