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Antigua and Barbuda

National Energy Policy

legislation type Executive
Passed in 2011
The National Energy Policy (NEP), released in 2011 by the government, aims at providing affordable, efficient, equitable, reliable and accessible forms of energy to Antiguans and Barbudans. Renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies and measure are particularly promoted in order to reduce the reliance on fossil fuels. The Policy intends to foster the development of a legal, institutional and economic environment that enable such policy to happen. Specific goals set out by NEP are energy cost reduction, diversification and efficient use of energy sources, electric reliability, environmental protection, economic opportunities.

The NEP covers the the power sector, but also cooking and transport. It seeks a more energy efficient and cleaner road fleet, and enhanced public transport. Tax systems to reduce greenhouse gases emission in the transport sector will be developed by the appropriate ministries.

The NEP was updated in 2013 by the Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP). SEAP intends to serve as a roadmap for the energy future in Antigua and Barbuda from 2010 until 2030, and identify four kind of barriers to overcome: 1) institutional and regulatory barriers, 2) barriers harming energy conservation and energy efficiency targets, 3) barriers harming renewable energy development, and 4) countering low levels of awareness from the people and technical education.


  • Improve energy efficiency in the transport sector by 40% through economic incentives to fast track the migration of public and private fossil powered vehicles to low carbon technologies by 2026 compared with 2011 baseline
    Transportation | Base year target | Target year: 2026 | Base year: 2011
  • Share of renewable energy to be al least: 5% by 2015, 10% by 2020 and 15% by 2030
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: N/A
  • Government reducing energy consumption and costs by 30% by 2021 compared with 2011 baseline
    Energy | Base year target | Target year: 2021 | Base year: 2011
  • Overall energy intensity at least 10% below 2010 baseline by 2021
    Energy | Intensity target | Target year: 2021 | Base year: 2010
  • Improve energy efficiency in government and public facilities, industrial plants and other large users by 30% by 2026 against a 2011 baseline
    Energy | Base year target | Target year: 2026 | Base year: 2011? (not clear in document)
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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